Zh. I. Alferov
Zh. I. Alferov, photo

Zhores Ivanovich ALFEROV was born in Vitebsk (Byelorussia, USSR) on March 15, 1930.

He graduated (1952) from the Department of Electronics of V.I.Ulyanov (Lenin) Electrotechnical Institute in Leningrad. From 1953 to date he has been a member of the Scientific staff of the Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute. He earned scientific degrees: candidate of science in technology (1961) and doctor of science in physics and mathematics (1970); both from Ioffe Institute. In 1970-1971 he spent 6 months as visiting scientist at the University of Illinois. Since 1962 he has been working in the area of III-V semiconductor heterostructures. For his research in this area Alferov was awarded with many national and international awards, and honorary membership.

Zh. Alferov is the author of four books, more than 500 scientific articles and 50 inventions in semiconductor technology.

Current positions

  • Chairman "St Petersburg Physics and Technology Centre for Research and Education of the Russian Academy of Sciences" (2004)
  • Vice-President of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1991)
  • President of the St Petersburg Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1991)

Awards

  • Ballantyne Medal of the Franklin Institute (USA, 1971),
  • Lenin Prize (USSR, 1972),
  • Hewlett-Packard Europhysics Prize (1978),
  • State Prize (USSR, 1984),
  • GaAs Symposium Award and H. Welker Medal (1987),
  • Karpinskii Prize (FRG, 1989),
  • Ioffe Prize (Russian Academy of Sciences, 1996).
  • Nicholas Holonyak, Jr. Award (2000)
  • The Nobel Prize for Physics (2000)
  • Kyoto Prize – Advanced Technology (2001)
  • V.I. Vernadskiy Award (NAS Ukraine, 2001)
  • State Prize (Russian Federation, 2001)
  • Golden Plate Award (Academy of Achievement, USA, 2002)
  • Golden Medal (SPIE, 2002)
  • Global Energy Prize (Russian Federation, 2005)

Honorary Membership

  • Life Fellow of the Franklin Institute (USA, 1971),
  • Foreign Member of the German Academy of Sciences (1987),
  • Honorary Professor of the Havana University (Cuba, 1987),
  • Foreign Member of the Polish Academy of Sciences (1988),
  • Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Engineering (USA, 1990),
  • Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences (USA, 1990),
  • Honorary Member of the Metrological Academy (St Petersburg, 1994),
  • Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (1995),
  • Foreign Member of the Korean Academy of Science and Technology (1995),
  • Honorary Member of the Pakistan Society for Semiconductor Science and Technology (1996),
  • Honorary Academician of the International Academy of Refrigeration (St Petersburg, 1997),
  • Academician of the International Academy of Ecology, Man and Nature Protection Sciences (St Petersburg, 1998),
  • Honorary Doctor of the Humanity University (St Petersburg, 1998),
  • Honorary Doctor of the Kurchatov Institute (Moscow, 1998),
  • Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences (Ukraine, 2000),
  • Honorary Professor of the State Technical University (St Petersburg, 2000),
  • Fellow of the Optical Society of America (USA, 2000),
  • Fellow and Charted Physicist of the Institute of Physics (United Kingdom, 2000),
  • Honorary Professor of the State Electrotechnical University (LETI) (St Petersburg, 2001),
  • Honorary Professor of the Moscow State University (Moscow, 2001),
  • Honoris Causa by the Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (Spain, 2001),
  • Foreign Member of the Spain Engineering Academy (Spain, 2001),
  • Honorary Fellowship of the Institute of Physics (Singapore, 2001),
  • Honorary Doctor of the Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (Japan, 2002),
  • Honorary Professorship at Nanjing University (China, 2002),
  • Doctor Honoris Causa of the Plovdiv University (Bulgaria, 2002),
  • Foreign Member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Bulgaria, 2002),
  • Doctor Honoris Causa by the Universidad Nacinal de Engenieria (Peru, 2002),
  • Doctor Honoris Causa by the Pedagogico san Marcos (Peru, 2002).
  • Doctor Honoris Causa by the University of Turku (Finland, 2003)
  • Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences (Lithuania, 2003)
  • Honorary Professor of the San Cristobel University (Venezuela, 2004)
  • Foreign Member of the Academy of Sciences (Accademia Nazionale Delle Scienze detta dei XL) known as the Forty (Roma, Italy, 2005)
  • Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences (Republic of Kazakhstan, 2005)

Eponymous asteroid is named after Zhores Alferov.