European X-ray free-electron laser (European XFEL). New opportunities for fundamental research

S.V. Bobashev1,2, A.A. Sorokin1,3, N.O. Bezverkhnii1,2

Ioffe Institute, Politekhnicheskaya 26, Saint Petersburg 194021, Russia

On 1 September 2017, the world's largest x-ray laser European XFEL is commissioned in Hamburg. This unique installation was created with the participation of Russia.

The European XFEL is the most powerful x-ray laser in the world with unprecedented technical parameters. The peak brightness of the European XFEL radiation exceeds the traditional sources of synchrotron radiation a billion times. Technological capabilities will allow scientists getting better at studying the structure of matter in extreme conditions, which were previously inaccessible to the experiment.

This report includes a brief description of the principle of operation of free-electron X-ray lasers, device parameters, properties and structure of the generated laser radiation. General aspects and features of experimental measurements on free electron lasers are illustrated by several examples.

In conclusion, the possibility of planning and implementation experimental research an astrophysical interest at the European XFEL is discussed.

Russian abstract

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